Child custody trials in Texas are complex legal proceedings with significant implications for children and families. Understanding the steps involved can alleviate some of the anxiety and equip you to participate effectively, but be sure to talk to a family lawyer in Houston, TX for more information on what you can expect specifically with your situation.
What Happens During a Child Custody Trial?
Both parties will engage in a few essential pre-trial activities. At formal pleadings, legal documents outlining you and your former spouse’s desired custody arrangements and justifications will be filed, forming the initial framework for the case. Texas courts strongly encourage mediation at this point so you can get an amicable resolution through a neutral mediator. If successful, this avoids the emotional and financial hardships of a trial.
Before the trial, each party also collects evidence, exchanging documents, interviewing witnesses (such as family members, friends, teachers, or mental health professionals), and potentially undergoing evaluations that help to shed light on what will be best for the child’s well-being.
Entering the Courtroom
If mediation fails, the case proceeds to trial. In contested cases, you can request that a jury decide the custody arrangement, though this is rare. The judge oversees jury selection to ensure impartiality. If you don’t go the jury route, you will have a “bench” trial, which means the judge will make the decisions.
At the trial, your lawyers will present their client’s cases in opening statements, outlining the desired custody plan and highlighting key evidence. Witness testimonies often form the core of the trial. Witnesses can be you and your spouse, grandparents, other relatives, and anyone else who can provide insights into the child’s needs, parental interactions, and the potential impacts of different custody arrangements.
Documents like school records or financial statements are also used. Each party has the opportunity to question the opposing side’s witnesses if doing so will be helpful to expose inconsistencies, discredit testimony, and strengthen their own case. Finally, the lawyers will each summarize their clients’ positions, urging the jury or judge to rule in their favor based on the presented evidence and attempting to explain how ruling in their client’s favor is in line with the paramount factor the court must consider: the child’s best interests.
Key Considerations in a Trial
The Child’s Best Interests Are Key
Texas law requires every custody decision to prioritize the child’s well-being. Judges will carefully evaluate all the relevant factors, like parental fitness, the living environment in each parent’s home, the emotional bonds between the parents and their child and any siblings, and the educational opportunities that may be available with each parent. The goal is to determine the most beneficial arrangement for the child, irrespective of what you or your spouse may wish.
Compelling and relevant evidence is critical to sway the judge or jury. Documents, witness testimonies, and expert opinions form a compelling picture of each parent’s capabilities and the potential impact of different custody arrangements.
Experts May Be Needed
Child psychologists, mental health professionals, or family therapists might be called upon to provide expert opinions about the child’s emotional needs, parental interactions, and their potential impact of proposed custody arrangements.
It’s Important to Maintain Composure
Custody trials can be emotionally charged. Remaining calm, professional, and respectful throughout the proceedings demonstrates your emotional stability, which lends a lot of support to your claim to be the more responsible parent.
Following closing arguments, the judge or jury deliberates and reaches a verdict. The outcome can be:
Sole Managing Conservatorship
Here, one parent receives primary physical and legal custody of the child. They will make the decisions for the child, though the other parent may have visitation rights and may be allowed an advisory position in decision-making.
Joint Managing Conservatorship
Here, both parents share physical and legal custody responsibilities, often following a detailed parenting plan, which you’ll be encouraged to make together with the other parent.
Here, one or both parents keeps the right to spend time with and “possess” the child, but the child will live with someone else, who has the final say in decisions for the child. It’s a form of shared custody where (usually) one parent, typically called the Managing Conservator, makes the major decisions, while the Possessory Conservator visits and has a say in minor decisions. In some cases, the courts may make a third party, like a grandparent, the Managing Conservator and both parents are Possessory Conservators.
In some cases, if the court is concerned about one parent’s influence on a child, they will only be allowed supervised visits with the child, and an arrangement will be worked out by the court.
Post-trial adjustments and appeals might be necessary, and child custody arrangements can be modified as circumstances change. Learn more here about what’s involved in child custody cases.
Child custody trials involve a complex series of procedures driven by concern for the child’s best interests above all. The best way to protect your rights and what you as a parent know to be best for them is to work with an experienced family law attorney.